Whiteship's Note

12.2.8. Transaction management strategies

Spring/Chapter 12 : 2007. 4. 27. 09:26


TransactionTemplate 나 TransactionInterceptor 를 사용하든 둘 다 PlatformTransactionManager 객체를 사용하고 있습니다.
Hibernate를 위해 사용할 수 있는 TransactionManager로는 두 개가 있습니다.

1. HibernateTransactionManager :: for a single Hibernate SessionFactory, using a ThreadLocal  Session under the hood
2. JtaTransactionManager :: delegating to the JTA subsystem of the container
물론 직접 PlatformTransactionManager 인터페이스를 구현해서 사용해도 됩니다.

따라서 단일 트랜잭션 리소스를 사용하다가 분산된 트랜잭션 처리가 필요할 때는 간단히 JtaTransactionManager를 사용하도록 수정하면 됩니다.

아래의 코드는 여러개의 LocalSessionFactoryBean 를 사용하여 Oracle과 MySQL JDBC를 사용하는 JtaTransactionManager 설정을 보여줍니다.

<beans>

  <bean id="myDataSource1" class="org.springframework.jndi.JndiObjectFactoryBean">
    <property name="jndiName value="java:comp/env/jdbc/myds1"/>
  </bean>

  <bean id="myDataSource2" class="org.springframework.jndi.JndiObjectFactoryBean">
    <property name="jndiName" value="java:comp/env/jdbc/myds2"/>
  </bean>

  <bean id="mySessionFactory1" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
    <property name="dataSource" ref="myDataSource1"/>
    <property name="mappingResources">
      <list>
        <value>product.hbm.xml</value>
      </list>
    </property>
    <property name="hibernateProperties">
      <value>
        hibernate.dialect=org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect
        hibernate.show_sql=true
      </value>
    </property>
  </bean>

  <bean id="mySessionFactory2" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
    <property name="dataSource" ref="myDataSource2"/>
    <property name="mappingResources">
      <list>
        <value>inventory.hbm.xml</value>
      </list>
    </property>
    <property name="hibernateProperties">
      <value>
        hibernate.dialect=org.hibernate.dialect.OracleDialect
      </value>
    </property>
  </bean>

  <bean id="myTxManager" class="org.springframework.transaction.jta.JtaTransactionManager"/>

  <bean id="myProductDao" class="product.ProductDaoImpl">
    <property name="sessionFactory" ref="mySessionFactory1"/>
  </bean>

  <bean id="myInventoryDao" class="product.InventoryDaoImpl">
    <property name="sessionFactory" ref="mySessionFactory2"/>
  </bean>

  <!-- this shows the Spring 1.x style of declarative transaction configuration -->
  <!-- it is totally supported, 100% legal in Spring 2.x, but see also above for the sleeker, Spring 2.0 style -->
  <bean id="myProductService"
      class="org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionProxyFactoryBean">
    <property name="transactionManager" ref="myTxManager"/>
    <property name="target">
      <bean class="product.ProductServiceImpl">
        <property name="productDao" ref="myProductDao"/>
        <property name="inventoryDao" ref="myInventoryDao"/>
      </bean>
    </property>
    <property name="transactionAttributes">
      <props>
        <prop key="increasePrice*">PROPAGATION_REQUIRED</prop>
        <prop key="someOtherBusinessMethod">PROPAGATION_REQUIRES_NEW</prop>
        <prop key="*">PROPAGATION_SUPPORTS,readOnly</prop>
      </props>
    </property>
  </bean>

</beans>

JTA가 JNDI에 종속적이기 때문에 JNDI를 사용하여 datasource를 가져오는 모습입니다. 단일 리소스를 사용할 경우에는 HibernateTracsactionManager를 사용하는 것이 좋으며 이 때는 datasource를 가져 올때 걍 평범하게 가져오면 됩니다.


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